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St Laurence's

C of E Primary School

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Phonics resources to support reading at home

Phase two sound mat - taught in the Autumn term of Reception

In phase 2, children begin to learn the sounds that letters make (phonemes). The children mainly focus on learning the 19 most common single letter sounds, as well as common digraphs 'll' and 'ss'. The children are taught an action for each sound, which is linked to the pictures on the sound mat. 

Phase 3 sound mat - taught in Autumn and Spring of Reception

Phase three begins to introduce children to the remaining, more difficult phonemes. The children learn new digraphs (two letters that make one sound) and trigraphs (three letter that make one sound). Similar to phase two, the children are taught different actions to support their learning, which are linked to the pictures on the sound mat.

Phase 5 sound mat - taught in year 1 Autumn term

In phase five, children learn new graphemes (different ways of spelling each sound) and alternative pronunciations for these. At the end of year 1, all children are given a Phonics Screening check to ensure they have mastered the appropriate knowledge.